The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer review

Authors

  • Z. Jiang
  • V. Pálinkáš
  • F. E. Arias
  • J. Liard
  • S. Merlet
  • H. Wilmes
  • L. Vitushkin
  • L. Robertsson
  • L. Tisserand
  • F. Pereira Dos Santos
  • Q. Bodart
  • R. Falk
  • H. Baumann
  • S. Mizushima
  • J. Mäkinen
  • M. Bilker-Koivula
  • C. Lee
  • I. M. Choi
  • B. Karaboce
  • W. Ji
  • Q. Wu
  • D. Ruess
  • C. Ullrich
  • J. Kostelecký
  • D. Schmerge
  • M. Eckl
  • L. Timmen
  • N. Le Moigne
  • R. Bayer
  • T. Olszak
  • J. Ågren
  • C. Del Negro
  • F. Greco
  • M. Diament
  • S. Deroussi
  • S. Bonvalot
  • J. Krynski
  • M. Sekowski
  • H. Hu
  • L. J. Wang
  • S. Svitlov
  • A. Germak
  • O. Francis
  • M. Becker
  • D. Inglis
  • I. Robinson

Research Organisations

External Research Organisations

  • International Bureau of Weights and Measures
  • Research Institute of Geodesy, Topography and Cartography, Czech Republic
  • Natural Resources Canada
  • SYRTE - Observatoire de Paris
  • Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG)
  • D. I. Mendeleev Institute for Metrology
  • Federal Office of Metrology (METAS)
  • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Finnish Geodetic Institute (FGI)
  • Industrial Technology Research Institute Hsinchu
  • Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
  • TUBITAK
  • National Institute of Metrology China
  • Federal Office of Metrology and Surveying (BEV)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • Géosciences Montpellier
  • Warsaw University of Technology
  • Lantmäteriet - The Swedish Mapping, Cadastral, and Land Registration Authority
  • Istituto Nazionale Di Geofisica E Vulcanologia, Rome
  • Université de Paris
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)
  • Institute of Geodesy and Cartography (IGiK)
  • Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light
  • Tsinghua University
  • Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM)
  • University of Luxembourg
  • Technische Universität Darmstadt
  • National Research Council of Canada
  • National Physical Laboratory (NPL)
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-684
Number of pages19
JournalMETROLOGIA
Volume49
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2012

Abstract

The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the first ICAG organized as a key comparison in the framework of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM MRA) (CIPM 1999). ICAG2009 was composed of a Key Comparison (KC) as defined by the CIPM MRA, organized by the Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities (CCM) and designated as CCM.G-K1. Participating gravimeters and their operators came from national metrology institutes (NMIs) or their designated institutes (DIs) as defined by the CIPM MRA. A Pilot Study (PS) was run in parallel in order to include gravimeters and their operators from other institutes which, while not signatories of the CIPM MRA, nevertheless play important roles in international gravimetry measurements. The aim of the CIPM MRA is to have international acceptance of the measurement capabilities of the participating institutes in various fields of metrology. The results of CCM.G-K1 thus constitute an accurate and consistent gravity reference traceable to the SI (International System of Units), which can be used as the global basis for geodetic, geophysical and metrological observations of gravity. The measurements performed afterwards by the KC participants can be referred to the international metrological reference, i.e. they are SI-traceable. The ICAG2009 was complemented by a number of associated measurements: the Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC2009), high-precision levelling and an accurate gravity survey in support of the BIPM watt balance project. The major measurements took place at the BIPM between July and October 2009. Altogether 24 institutes with 22 absolute gravimeters (one of the 22 AGs was ultimately withdrawn) and nine relative gravimeters participated in the ICAG/RGC campaign. This paper is focused on the absolute gravity campaign. We review the history of the ICAGs and present the organization, data processing and the final results of the ICAG2009. After almost thirty years of hosting eight successive ICAGs, the CIPM decided to transfer the responsibility for piloting the future ICAGs to NMIs, although maintaining a supervisory role through its Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Cite this

The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry. / Jiang, Z.; Pálinkáš, V.; Arias, F. E. et al.
In: METROLOGIA, Vol. 49, No. 6, 05.10.2012, p. 666-684.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer review

Jiang, Z, Pálinkáš, V, Arias, FE, Liard, J, Merlet, S, Wilmes, H, Vitushkin, L, Robertsson, L, Tisserand, L, Pereira Dos Santos, F, Bodart, Q, Falk, R, Baumann, H, Mizushima, S, Mäkinen, J, Bilker-Koivula, M, Lee, C, Choi, IM, Karaboce, B, Ji, W, Wu, Q, Ruess, D, Ullrich, C, Kostelecký, J, Schmerge, D, Eckl, M, Timmen, L, Le Moigne, N, Bayer, R, Olszak, T, Ågren, J, Del Negro, C, Greco, F, Diament, M, Deroussi, S, Bonvalot, S, Krynski, J, Sekowski, M, Hu, H, Wang, LJ, Svitlov, S, Germak, A, Francis, O, Becker, M, Inglis, D & Robinson, I 2012, 'The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry', METROLOGIA, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 666-684. https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/49/6/666
Jiang, Z., Pálinkáš, V., Arias, F. E., Liard, J., Merlet, S., Wilmes, H., Vitushkin, L., Robertsson, L., Tisserand, L., Pereira Dos Santos, F., Bodart, Q., Falk, R., Baumann, H., Mizushima, S., Mäkinen, J., Bilker-Koivula, M., Lee, C., Choi, I. M., Karaboce, B., ... Robinson, I. (2012). The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry. METROLOGIA, 49(6), 666-684. https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/49/6/666
Jiang Z, Pálinkáš V, Arias FE, Liard J, Merlet S, Wilmes H et al. The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry. METROLOGIA. 2012 Oct 5;49(6):666-684. doi: 10.1088/0026-1394/49/6/666
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abstract = "The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the first ICAG organized as a key comparison in the framework of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM MRA) (CIPM 1999). ICAG2009 was composed of a Key Comparison (KC) as defined by the CIPM MRA, organized by the Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities (CCM) and designated as CCM.G-K1. Participating gravimeters and their operators came from national metrology institutes (NMIs) or their designated institutes (DIs) as defined by the CIPM MRA. A Pilot Study (PS) was run in parallel in order to include gravimeters and their operators from other institutes which, while not signatories of the CIPM MRA, nevertheless play important roles in international gravimetry measurements. The aim of the CIPM MRA is to have international acceptance of the measurement capabilities of the participating institutes in various fields of metrology. The results of CCM.G-K1 thus constitute an accurate and consistent gravity reference traceable to the SI (International System of Units), which can be used as the global basis for geodetic, geophysical and metrological observations of gravity. The measurements performed afterwards by the KC participants can be referred to the international metrological reference, i.e. they are SI-traceable. The ICAG2009 was complemented by a number of associated measurements: the Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC2009), high-precision levelling and an accurate gravity survey in support of the BIPM watt balance project. The major measurements took place at the BIPM between July and October 2009. Altogether 24 institutes with 22 absolute gravimeters (one of the 22 AGs was ultimately withdrawn) and nine relative gravimeters participated in the ICAG/RGC campaign. This paper is focused on the absolute gravity campaign. We review the history of the ICAGs and present the organization, data processing and the final results of the ICAG2009. After almost thirty years of hosting eight successive ICAGs, the CIPM decided to transfer the responsibility for piloting the future ICAGs to NMIs, although maintaining a supervisory role through its Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009

T2 - The first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry

AU - Jiang, Z.

AU - Pálinkáš, V.

AU - Arias, F. E.

AU - Liard, J.

AU - Merlet, S.

AU - Wilmes, H.

AU - Vitushkin, L.

AU - Robertsson, L.

AU - Tisserand, L.

AU - Pereira Dos Santos, F.

AU - Bodart, Q.

AU - Falk, R.

AU - Baumann, H.

AU - Mizushima, S.

AU - Mäkinen, J.

AU - Bilker-Koivula, M.

AU - Lee, C.

AU - Choi, I. M.

AU - Karaboce, B.

AU - Ji, W.

AU - Wu, Q.

AU - Ruess, D.

AU - Ullrich, C.

AU - Kostelecký, J.

AU - Schmerge, D.

AU - Eckl, M.

AU - Timmen, L.

AU - Le Moigne, N.

AU - Bayer, R.

AU - Olszak, T.

AU - Ågren, J.

AU - Del Negro, C.

AU - Greco, F.

AU - Diament, M.

AU - Deroussi, S.

AU - Bonvalot, S.

AU - Krynski, J.

AU - Sekowski, M.

AU - Hu, H.

AU - Wang, L. J.

AU - Svitlov, S.

AU - Germak, A.

AU - Francis, O.

AU - Becker, M.

AU - Inglis, D.

AU - Robinson, I.

PY - 2012/10/5

Y1 - 2012/10/5

N2 - The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the first ICAG organized as a key comparison in the framework of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM MRA) (CIPM 1999). ICAG2009 was composed of a Key Comparison (KC) as defined by the CIPM MRA, organized by the Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities (CCM) and designated as CCM.G-K1. Participating gravimeters and their operators came from national metrology institutes (NMIs) or their designated institutes (DIs) as defined by the CIPM MRA. A Pilot Study (PS) was run in parallel in order to include gravimeters and their operators from other institutes which, while not signatories of the CIPM MRA, nevertheless play important roles in international gravimetry measurements. The aim of the CIPM MRA is to have international acceptance of the measurement capabilities of the participating institutes in various fields of metrology. The results of CCM.G-K1 thus constitute an accurate and consistent gravity reference traceable to the SI (International System of Units), which can be used as the global basis for geodetic, geophysical and metrological observations of gravity. The measurements performed afterwards by the KC participants can be referred to the international metrological reference, i.e. they are SI-traceable. The ICAG2009 was complemented by a number of associated measurements: the Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC2009), high-precision levelling and an accurate gravity survey in support of the BIPM watt balance project. The major measurements took place at the BIPM between July and October 2009. Altogether 24 institutes with 22 absolute gravimeters (one of the 22 AGs was ultimately withdrawn) and nine relative gravimeters participated in the ICAG/RGC campaign. This paper is focused on the absolute gravity campaign. We review the history of the ICAGs and present the organization, data processing and the final results of the ICAG2009. After almost thirty years of hosting eight successive ICAGs, the CIPM decided to transfer the responsibility for piloting the future ICAGs to NMIs, although maintaining a supervisory role through its Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities.

AB - The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the first ICAG organized as a key comparison in the framework of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM MRA) (CIPM 1999). ICAG2009 was composed of a Key Comparison (KC) as defined by the CIPM MRA, organized by the Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities (CCM) and designated as CCM.G-K1. Participating gravimeters and their operators came from national metrology institutes (NMIs) or their designated institutes (DIs) as defined by the CIPM MRA. A Pilot Study (PS) was run in parallel in order to include gravimeters and their operators from other institutes which, while not signatories of the CIPM MRA, nevertheless play important roles in international gravimetry measurements. The aim of the CIPM MRA is to have international acceptance of the measurement capabilities of the participating institutes in various fields of metrology. The results of CCM.G-K1 thus constitute an accurate and consistent gravity reference traceable to the SI (International System of Units), which can be used as the global basis for geodetic, geophysical and metrological observations of gravity. The measurements performed afterwards by the KC participants can be referred to the international metrological reference, i.e. they are SI-traceable. The ICAG2009 was complemented by a number of associated measurements: the Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC2009), high-precision levelling and an accurate gravity survey in support of the BIPM watt balance project. The major measurements took place at the BIPM between July and October 2009. Altogether 24 institutes with 22 absolute gravimeters (one of the 22 AGs was ultimately withdrawn) and nine relative gravimeters participated in the ICAG/RGC campaign. This paper is focused on the absolute gravity campaign. We review the history of the ICAGs and present the organization, data processing and the final results of the ICAG2009. After almost thirty years of hosting eight successive ICAGs, the CIPM decided to transfer the responsibility for piloting the future ICAGs to NMIs, although maintaining a supervisory role through its Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities.

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