TY - JOUR
T1 - 100 years multivibrator-history, circuits and mathematical analysis
AU - Mathis, Wolfgang
PY - 2020/6/18
Y1 - 2020/6/18
N2 - Purpose: This work is intended to historically commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the invention of a new type of electronic circuit, referred to in 1919 by Abraham and Bloch as a multivibrator and by Eccles and Jordan as a trigger relay (later known as a flip-flop). Design/methodology/approach: The author also considers the circuit-technical side of this new type of circuit, considering the technological change as well as the mathematical concepts developed in the context of the analysis of the circuit. Findings: The multivibrator resulted in a “circuit shape” which became one of the most applied nonlinear circuits in electronics. It is shown that at the beginning the multivibrator as well as the flip-flop circuits were used because their interesting properties in the frequency domain. Originality/value: Therefore, it is a very interesting subject to consider the history of the multivibrator as electronic circuits in different technologies including tube, transistors and integrated circuits as well as the mathematical theory based on the concept from electrical circuit theory.
AB - Purpose: This work is intended to historically commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the invention of a new type of electronic circuit, referred to in 1919 by Abraham and Bloch as a multivibrator and by Eccles and Jordan as a trigger relay (later known as a flip-flop). Design/methodology/approach: The author also considers the circuit-technical side of this new type of circuit, considering the technological change as well as the mathematical concepts developed in the context of the analysis of the circuit. Findings: The multivibrator resulted in a “circuit shape” which became one of the most applied nonlinear circuits in electronics. It is shown that at the beginning the multivibrator as well as the flip-flop circuits were used because their interesting properties in the frequency domain. Originality/value: Therefore, it is a very interesting subject to consider the history of the multivibrator as electronic circuits in different technologies including tube, transistors and integrated circuits as well as the mathematical theory based on the concept from electrical circuit theory.
KW - Circuit analysis
KW - Network topology
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078884686&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1108/COMPEL-10-2019-0411
DO - 10.1108/COMPEL-10-2019-0411
M3 - Review article
AN - SCOPUS:85078884686
VL - 39
SP - 725
EP - 737
JO - COMPEL - The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
JF - COMPEL - The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
SN - 0332-1649
IS - 3
ER -