TY - JOUR
T1 - A Keller-Segel type taxis model with ecological interpretation and boundedness due to gradient nonlinearities
AU - Ishida, Sachiko
AU - Lankeit, Johannes
AU - Viglialoro, Giuseppe
N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 American Institute of Mathematical Sciences. All rights reserved.
PY - 2024/9
Y1 - 2024/9
N2 - We introduce a novel gradient-based damping term into a Keller–Segel type taxis model with motivation from ecology and consider the following system equipped with homogeneous Neumann-boundary conditions:
(u
τv t
t =
= ∆
∆ u
v −
− χ
v ∇
+ ·
u (u∇v) + au
α − bu
β − c|∇u|
γ in
in Ω
Ω ×
× (0
(0 T
T max
max )
)
(♢) The problem is formulated in a bounded and smooth domain Ω of R
N, with N ≥ 2, for some positive numbers a, b, c, χ > 0, τ ∈ {0, 1}, γ ≥ 1, β > α ≥ 1, and with Tmax ∈ (0, ∞]. As far as we know, Keller–Segel models with gradient-dependent sources are new in the literature and, accordingly, beyond giving a reasonable ecological interpretation, the objective of the paper is twofold: i) to provide a rigorous analysis concerning the local existence and extensibility criterion for a class of models generalizing problem (♢), obtained by replacing au
α − bu
β − c|∇u|
γ with f(u) − g(∇u); ii) to establish sufficient conditions on the data of problem (♢) itself, such that it admits a unique classical solution (u, v) for Tmax = ∞ and with both u and v bounded. We handle i) whenever appropriately regular initial distributions u(x, 0) = u0(x) ≥ 0, τv(x, 0) = τv0(x) ≥ 0 are considered, f and g obey some regularity properties, and, moreover, some growth restrictions. Further, as to ii), for the same initial data considered in the previous case, global boundedness of solutions is proven for any τ ∈ {0, 1}, provided that
N
2
+1
N < γ ≤ 2.
AB - We introduce a novel gradient-based damping term into a Keller–Segel type taxis model with motivation from ecology and consider the following system equipped with homogeneous Neumann-boundary conditions:
(u
τv t
t =
= ∆
∆ u
v −
− χ
v ∇
+ ·
u (u∇v) + au
α − bu
β − c|∇u|
γ in
in Ω
Ω ×
× (0
(0 T
T max
max )
)
(♢) The problem is formulated in a bounded and smooth domain Ω of R
N, with N ≥ 2, for some positive numbers a, b, c, χ > 0, τ ∈ {0, 1}, γ ≥ 1, β > α ≥ 1, and with Tmax ∈ (0, ∞]. As far as we know, Keller–Segel models with gradient-dependent sources are new in the literature and, accordingly, beyond giving a reasonable ecological interpretation, the objective of the paper is twofold: i) to provide a rigorous analysis concerning the local existence and extensibility criterion for a class of models generalizing problem (♢), obtained by replacing au
α − bu
β − c|∇u|
γ with f(u) − g(∇u); ii) to establish sufficient conditions on the data of problem (♢) itself, such that it admits a unique classical solution (u, v) for Tmax = ∞ and with both u and v bounded. We handle i) whenever appropriately regular initial distributions u(x, 0) = u0(x) ≥ 0, τv(x, 0) = τv0(x) ≥ 0 are considered, f and g obey some regularity properties, and, moreover, some growth restrictions. Further, as to ii), for the same initial data considered in the previous case, global boundedness of solutions is proven for any τ ∈ {0, 1}, provided that
N
2
+1
N < γ ≤ 2.
KW - Boundedness
KW - Chemotaxis
KW - Ecology
KW - Global existence
KW - Gradient nonlinearities
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85189343424&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.3934/dcdsb.2024029
DO - 10.3934/dcdsb.2024029
M3 - Article
VL - 29
SP - 3955
EP - 3969
JO - Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
JF - Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
SN - 1531-3492
IS - 9
ER -